The Benefits of Exercise

THE BENEFITS OF EXERCISE

 Summary

Strengthens the heart and reduces the risk of Coronary Heart Disease and stroke and lowers blood pressure

Increases lung capacity and can improve Asthma and help Emphysema

Increases bone density and reduces the risk of Osteoporosis

Strengthens muscles, ligaments, tendons, bones and joints making them more stable and less prone to injury. Thereby increasing flexibility in turn leading to fewer aches and pains

Can help with the control of chronic disease particularly when teamed with healthy eating

Improves balance, co-ordination, reaction time, agility and strength

Improves posture and therefore helps with digestion

Increases metabolic rate and coupled with sensible eating will control weight

Helps to relieve stress and anxiety and leads to better sleep patterns

Improves confidence and self esteem

The Effects of  Exercise on the Cardiovascular System

The heart muscle becomes thicker and stronger

The heart is able to empty its chambers at a faster rate

The heart beats more slowly at rest

The heart recovers more quickly after exercise

The heart becomes more efficient, cardiac output (amount of blood pumped out of the heart every minute) increases; stroke volume (amount of blood pumped out of the heart in each beat/contraction) increases

Respiration becomes more efficient, fewer breaths are needed to move the same amount of air in and out of the lungs

 The alveoli (tiny air sacs in the lungs) increase in size; capillaries (tiny blood vessels which cover the alveoli) increase in number, therefore the rate of gas exchange (oxygen into blood, carbon dioxide into lungs) increases

Arteries become more elastic allowing blood to move faster round the body

Volume of blood increases; more blood cells are produced increasing the amount of haemoglobin making the blood more efficient at carrying oxygen and removing carbon dioxide

Cholesterol (blood fats) levels in the blood decrease

Reduced risk of coronary heart disease

The Effects of Exercise on Bones and Joints

Increased mineral stores in the bones

Increased bone density – reducing risk of osteoporosis

Increased production of red blood cells – for the transportation of oxygen

Ligaments become stronger – thereby making joints more stable

Increased synovial fluid – more delivery of nutrients to the joints and cartilage keeping them healthy.  The cartilage is therefore less likely to degenerate avoiding the onset of Arthritis and other wear and tear conditions